Historical documents or compilations from left market anarchist perspectives.
Bill Dwyer, Editor of the British journal Anarchy, commissioned the essay in 1971, but it was delayed.
This short text first appeared in the magazine “The Dandelion” in 1980. It stresses the position already highlighted by a theoretician of the anarchist movement, J. A. Maryson (see: Quelques idées fausses sur l'Anarchisme) that anarchy means freedom and voluntary self-organization and no one in the anarchist movement should be interested in prescribing which of the various “isms” (syndicalism, collectivism, agorism, egoism, communism, mutualism, etc.) every anarchist should follow.
Jo Labadie was a prominent labor organizer and mutualist whose vast collection of anarchist and socialist texts became the seed of the Labadie collection at the University of Michigan.
An old mutualist zine from many decades ago.
The article that started the socialist calculation debate.
The essay, not the book.
Doublesided zine with two articles.
This essay on the foundations of the authority of the state marks a stage in the development of concern with problems of political authority and moral autonomy.
This classic pamphlet from the Boston Anarchist Drinking Brigade in the 90s combines a primer on the individualist tradition and an extensive bibliography.
Written during Rothbard's leftist stage, it sees the founder of 'anarcho-capitalism' defending the expropriation of workplaces and schools by workers and students.
Two market anarchists, Rosa and Voltairine, write a hypothetical dialogue around markets and the use of 'capitalist' as an accusation for their beliefs.
Defense services on the free market.
William Batchelder Greene was born in 1819, in the northeastern Massachusetts town of Haverhill, the son of poet, publisher, and Boston Postmaster Nathaniel Greene. A free-market libertarian and individualist anarchist, he was a member of the socialist First International and shaped/launched 'mutualism' with Proudhon.
A radical abolitionist who struggled against slavery, early anarchist and defender of the Haymarket Martyrs, Spooner was horrified by the civil war, which he saw as not being prosecuted in the service of abolishing slavery. From his perspective that the US could ever permit slavery permanently voided the legitimacy of its laws.
Proudhon's libertarian thought and the anarchist movement
Benjamin R. Tucker was born in Massachusetts in 1854, educated in a Quaker school, and raised in the radical intellectual environment of the Boston area at the time. He found himself drawn into anarchism as a young man and became a journalist and editor. After working for just over a decade at the Boston Daily Globe, he founded the journal Liberty, which became one of the most prominent outlets for anarchism in the Gilded Age.
True liberty tends to be hated by political parties, who clamor for protectionism and national borders. Hess argues that, instead of going into politics, freedom lovers should create market alternatives to government programs.
Part of the longer Mutualist FAQ
How then are things connected and engendered? How are beings produced and how do they disappear? How is society and nature transformed? This is the sole object of science. The notion of Progress, carried into all spheres of consciousness and understanding, becoming the basis of practical and speculative reason, must renew the entire system of human knowledge, purge the mind of its last prejudices, replace the constitutions and catechisms in social relations, teach to man all that he can legitimately know, do, hope and fear: the value of his ideas, the definition of his rights, the rule of his actions, the purpose of his existence. The theory of Progress is the railway of liberty.
La Boétie's writings include a few sonnets, translations from the classics and an essay attacking absolute monarchy and tyranny in general, Discours de la servitude volontaire ou le Contr'un (Discourse on Voluntary Servitude, or the Anti-Dictator). The essay asserts that tyrants have power because the people give it to them.
Here Proudhon presents his critical remarks against the positions of state socialists, like Louis Blanc and Pierre Leroux, who were under the illusion that the State-Master can be magically transformed by them into the State-Servant, at the service of all the people.
Born into poverty and plagued by it her entire life, educated by nuns in a convent school, chronically ill, the survivor of a nearly successful assassination attempt, and dead at a tragically early age, Voltairine de Cleyre doesn't seem a likely candidate to become what Paul Avrich called 'a greater literary talent than any other American anarchist.' But de Cleyre was undeniably one of the most important anarchist thinkers in the US or any other country. Greatly admired by her contemporaries for her brilliant writing and tireless schedule of public speaking, her ability to approach the most complex issues with a mixture of common sense, passion, and clarity makes her works as relevant today as they were a century ago.
From The General Idea Of Revolution.
An introduction to mutualism from the 1920s